Boy, 12, hit in car accident, has his head reattached and is now walking on his own.
Suleiman Hassan, a 12-year-old boy from Palestine, had his head "severed" in a car accident that separated the base of his skull from the top of his spine, but the skin was still attached, the Daily Mail and Israel Hayom reported on July 14th. His head was reattached by a group of Israeli doctors after a difficult operation. One month after the operation, the boy is now walking on his own.
Bicycle crash "severed head"
Doctors break through the difficult "joint" successful
In early June, Suleiman was riding his bicycle when he was hit by a car, separating the base of his skull from the parietal bone of his spine, an extremely rare case of "internal head breakage," also known medically as "bilateral atlanto-occipital dislocations.
Suleiman was taken to Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem, where he underwent immediate surgery.
An "internal decapitation" is a complete separation of the head from the body. It occurs when a sudden blow to the head tears the ligaments and muscles that hold the skull to the vertebrae at the top of the spine. The injury is rare, accounting for less than 1 percent of spinal injuries, and the survival rate is low.
Israeli doctors said Suleiman's head was "almost completely detached from the base of his neck" when he arrived, and he underwent a grueling hours-long operation by an intensive care team.
The surgery itself was very complicated and took several hours," said Dr. Ohad Enaf, who participated in the operation. We used new plates and fixation devices in the damaged area ...... "
The difficulty with this type of surgery is that it can only be performed if the major blood vessels are still intact, as blood flow to the brain must be ensured.
Dr. Mark Siegel, a clinical professor of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center, said the surgery was amazing.
Suleiman has now been discharged from the hospital with a cervical spine splint, and he has no neurological deficits or motor dysfunction that would allow him to walk without assistance. Doctors will continue to monitor his recovery.
Is the era of human head transplant coming soon?
The head is one of the most important parts of human beings, controlling their life and death, as well as their ideology. As early as 100 years ago, human science has begun to explore the experiments related to the "joint" to save the health loss caused by physical defects.
It is reported that a doctor in Chicago, USA, tried head transplantation 100 years ago. He tried to transplant a dog's head to another dog's body, so that the dog became a two-headed dog, the most successful time, the transplanted dog survived for six days.
In 1956, our doctors started related experiments and made a puppy survive for about a week.
In addition, scientists also experimented with the closest primate to the human body - monkeys, brain transplant surgery, the operation took 18 hours. It is reported that the scientists separated the next monkey head and quickly freeze it, then sew it with the blood vessels of the new body during the operation, and then use polyethylene glycol to connect up the spinal nerves of the monkey, because it can make the lipids on the cell membranes fused together.
After the monkey's head was replaced, the monkey's brain realized normal blood supply, and could even make a sound, however, the spinal cord nerve connection problems, after the head was replaced, it only lived for 20 hours, but this is still the world's first successful "head replacement experiment".
It is understood that in the absence of blood and oxygen supply, brain cells can only survive for eight minutes. Therefore, the successful connection of blood vessels and various arteries and veins must be completed in the shortest possible time. The most important thing about head replacement is not the transplantation or repair of blood vessels and muscles, but the most important difficulty lies in the repair of nerves. Although the experiment scientists only solved the problem of oxygen and blood supply, which is already a remarkable achievement.
The experiment was even applied to human beings, of course using not living people, but human corpses.
With the development of modern medicine, organ transplants are nothing new, and every year, many patients are given a new lease of life by replacing their kidneys or hearts with new ones. Head transplants, however, are still seen as something that could only happen in science fiction and mythology. This is exactly why it has attracted scientists to keep trying and exploring in an attempt to unravel the mystery of head transplantation. A breakthrough in this technology would mean that mankind would be on its way to the pinnacle of organ transplantation.
The development of science and technology is ever-changing, where the end is, we do not know, only to look forward to. We can only look forward to more scientific and technological achievements that will soon benefit human health.
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